One of the pre-math skills that it's important for every child to develop is often called "number spotting." It's what we do when we look at a rolled die and see "fourness" instead of having to count each little dot to figure out that there are four. Mr. T and I came up with a fun game the other day to work on this. It has no name at this time so if you have a suggestion, leave it in the comments.
First, you have to poke a whole bunch of golf tees all over some playdough. This in itself is pretty fun and a bit challenging. It's a good way to learn how to equally distribute items over an area.
Next, you line up your canning jar rings (split them between the players).
Then, toss or drop them on the golf tees. Each time you'll ring a different amount!
The idea is that you have to quickly say how many you got. Then you can either take out the golf tees you won or leave them in for the whole game. If you take them out after each turn then you can include the step of counting up all your golf tees at the end of the game to see who won!
Here's Mr. T counting up his tally (sometimes he has to count each golf tee and other times he can simply call out the number).
Toss 'em, cowboy!